ON THE PASSIVE VOICE IN BULGARIAN AND ENGLISH
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In the focus of the comparative research is the marked member (Passive Voice) of the verbal category of voice in Bulgarian and English. The study has two main objectives: to describe the current state of the category of voice in Bulgarian and English, and to identify the instances of inter-language symmetry and asymmetry as regards the forms of passive and the expression of passive in both languages. The article discusses the potentiality for a third member of the grammatical category of voice in the Bulgarian language. The discussion is about the possibility for the passive forms such as (stroen e) and the so-called reflexive passive forms (stroi se) to establish result-action oppositions within the paradigm of Passive Voice. The similarity in the expressed semantic action of the Bulgarian se-constructions and the forms of the English Passive in Present Progressive (are being mended – se popraviyat/ bivat popraviyani) is pointed out. The expression of Passive is presented from a new perspective highlighting the functions of the participles in passive structures.
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