THE GRAMMEME RESULTATIVENESS AND THE PERFECTIVE ASPECT IN BULGARIAN AND THEIR GRAMMATICAL AND FUNCTIONAL-SEMANTIC EQUIVALENTS IN ENGLISH
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The object of the present comparative research are the grammeme resultativeness and the perfective aspect in Bulgarian and their grammatical and functional-semantic equivalents in English. The goal of the study is to identify the acts of inter-language symmetry and asymmetry in the resultative and aspectual expression. First of all, we will note that in Bulgarian both meanings belong to separate categories of different nature. The resultativeness is a grammeme of the morphological category state of the action, and the perfective aspect – of the lexical-grammatical category aspect of the verb. However, both categories have close semantic content. Secondly, in English the grammeme resultativeness has an equivalent, but the aspectual meanings are expressed by peripheral modifiers. On the other hand, the English V-ing forms are analogues to the Bulgarian imperfective verbs.